U.S. Abortion Totals for 2009, 2010 and 2011
One of the great challenges in evaluating the effectiveness of pro-life engagement is reporting lag. At any given time, the most current, federal abortion data is three or four years old. Imagine if businesses had to wait that long to find out if their marketing initiatives were succeeding. Imagine not knowing for four years whether or not your business model was falling flat on its face! That would be a thoroughly unworkable situation, and yet that's exactly where abortion opponents find themselves. The abortion industry has immediate, insider access to the ebb and flow of abortion. We do not. But while the abortion industry has the money, the data, the media and the President, we have the rectitude—which is no small thing.
A couple years ago, I realized that this maddening data delay can be partially mitigated by cutting out the middlemen, so to speak. Whereas the Centers for Disease Control and the Guttmacher Institute seem to sit on abortion data for a few years, most state health departments make it available in a much more timely manner. And they also break it out by county—which is plenty useful in its own right. The blog post that resulted from that discovery, "Tracking Abortion in America’s Largest Cities," analyzed data that wouldn't be federally available until earlier this year and helped demonstrate the urban-centricity of abortion. Not only do abortion rates vary widely from state to state, they vary just as widely from metro to non-metro. The bigger the city, the bigger the abortion problem
Currently, Abort73 is in the early stages of a complete website overhaul. It may be some months before the new site debuts, but the end result should be fairly remarkable—a vast improvement over the current offering. One of the improvements will be anchored on more focused and expanded access to local, state-level data—which is what brought me back to the subject this week. How has abortion been trending these last two years? Are we gaining ground? Losing ground? Or just treading water? Let's find out...
One point two-one million (1,210,000). That's the number of U.S. abortions reported by the Guttmacher Institute for 2008—the most recent year for which they provide data. Based on the recent state-level research I've done, I estimate that approximately 1,057,000 abortions were performed in 2011. That's a reduction of almost 13% from 2008. By the same estimations, there were roughly 1,159,000 abortions in 2009 and 1,126,000 abortions in 2010. I arrived at these tallies by analyzing the abortion totals for every state that makes such data available and then applying the percent change to Guttmacher's overall total for 2008. To date, 35 states have published abortion and birth data for 2011; 40 have done so for 2010, and 42 have done so for 2009. Unfortunately, one of the states that hasn't published abortion data for more than a decade is California—where almost a quarter of all U.S. abortions occur. But so long as abortion is trending roughly the same in California as it is throughout the rest of the country, my tabulations should be fairly accurate. You can see the entire dataset here.
While we can and should celebrate the reduction in total abortions over the last few years, it must be noted that total births also fell for the period, by almost 7%. As such, the abortion to birth ratio (which is a more meaningful metric) only fell by 6.4% between 2008 and 2011. Here's a closer look at the numbers for the ten states with the highest-populations:
California does not make abortion data publicly available. Ugh!
2008 Births: 551,567
2011 Births: 502,023
2008 Abortions: 78,300
2011 Abortions: 70,003
2008 Births: 405,252
2011 Births: 377,274
2008 Births per Abortion: 5.17
2011 Births per Abortion: 5.39
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 3.74 births among Houston residents, 3.81 births among Dallas residents and 4.36 births among San Antonio residents.
2008 Abortions: 118,381
2011 Abortions: 102,678
2008 Births: 249,655
2011 Births: 239,736
2008 Births per Abortion: 2.11
2011 Births per Abortion: 2.33
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 1.59 births among New York City residents.
2008 Abortions: 87,520
2011 Abortions: 77,166
2008 Births: 231,417
2011 Births: 213,237
2008 Births per Abortion: 2.64
2011 Births per Abortion: 2.76
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 1.76 births in Ft. Lauderdale, 1.84 births in Miami and 2.05 births in Orlando.
2008 Abortions: 47,717
2011 Abortions: 41,324
2008 Births: 176,634
2011 Births: 161,312
2008 Births per Abortion: 3.70
2011 Births per Abortion: 3.90
In 2009, there was one abortion for every 2.92 births among Chicago residents.
2008 Abortions: 38,807
2011 Abortions: Not Available (36,778 in 2010)
Change: NA (-5.4% between 2008 & 2010)
2008 Births: 148,934
2011 Births: Not Available (142,370 in 2010)
Change: NA (-4.5% between 2008 & 2010)
2008 Births per Abortion: 3.84
2011 Births per Abortion: Not Available (3.87 in 2010)
Change: NA (-0.86% between 2008 & 2010)
In 2010, there was one abortion for every 1.57 births among Philadelphia residents and 4.04 births among Pittsburgh residents.
2008 Abortions: 27,672
2011 Abortions: 24,764
2008 Births: 148,592
2011 Births: 138,024
2008 Births per Abortion: 5.37
2011 Births per Abortion: 5.94
In 2010, there was one abortion for every 2.29 births among Cleveland residents, 3.31 births among Columbus residents and 2.18 births among Cincinnati residents.
2008 Abortions: 25,970
2011 Abortions: 23,366
2008 Births: 121,231
2011 Births: 114,159
2008 Births per Abortion: 4.82
2011 Births per Abortion: 5.00
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 2.65 births among Detroit residents.
2008 Abortions: 32,066
2011 Abortions: 29,558
2008 Births: 146,464
2011 Births: 132,239
2008 Births per Abortion: 4.57
2011 Births per Abortion: 4.47
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 2.17 births among Atlanta residents.
2008 Abortions: 31,822
2011 Abortions: 26,192
2008 Births: 130,758
2011 Births: 120,403
2008 Births per Abortion: 4.11
2011 Births per Abortion: 4.60
In 2011, there was one abortion for every 3.54 births among Charlotte residents.
Earlier this year, Forbes identified America's ten fastest growing metro areas and America's ten slowest growing (or contracting) metro areas. Implicit in the accompanying story is the understanding that population growth is healthy; stagnation or contraction is not. As such, their lists could just have easily been labeled "America's 10 Healthiest Cities" and "America's 10 Sickliest Cities." The results are below, along with the most recent abortion data for each city—which I added:
Fastest Growing Cities
- Raleigh, NC (19% of children aborted)
- Austin, TX (22% of children aborted)
- Las Vegas, NV (17% of children aborted)
- Orlando, FL (not available—Florida records by county of occurance, not county of residence)
- Charlotte, NC (21% of children aborted)
- Riverside-San Bernardino, CA (not available)
- Phoenix, AZ (16% aborted)
- Houston, TX (21% of children aborted)
- San Antonio, TX (19% of children aborted)
- Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (21% of children aborted)
Slowest Growing Cities
- Cleveland, OH (28% of children aborted)
- Detroit, MI (27% of children aborted
- Buffalo, NY (29% of children aborted)
- Pittsburgh, PA (24% of children aborted)
- Providence, RI (not available)
- Rochester, NY (24% of children aborted)
- Milwaukee, WI (17% of children aborted)
- St. Louis, MO (20% of children aborted)
- Chicago, IL (25% of children aborted)
- New York, NY (39% of children aborted)
On average, the ten fastest growing metro areas abort 19.5% of their children. The ten slowest growing metro areas abort 25.9%. Likewise, there was an average of 5.00 births per abortion for the states where the fastest growing cities dwell. The average was 4.75 births per abortion for the states where the slowest growing cities dwell. The correlation between higher abortion rates and slower growth introduces a chicken and egg type question. Are these cities becoming so decimated because there are so many abortions? Or, are there so many abortions because these cities have become so decimated? Both. Abortion is an expression of pessimism that becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. Mothers abort their children because they fear their future. By aborting their children, they make the future a more fearful place. The Forbes article notes the following:
Virtually all the top 10 metro areas, both last year and since 2000, have also ranked among the fastest growing in terms of the population under 15; Raleigh’s child population alone has expanded by almost 45% since 2000, compared to 2% nationally; Austin’s toddler population surged a remarkable, 38%. The child populations of Houston, Dallas-Fort Worth, Atlanta, Phoenix, Las Vegas and Orlando all increased by 20% or more.
In contrast, none of the hip cities posted under 15 population growth better than 5%. The number of children has actually declined in many, including New York, Los Angeles, Boston, San Francisco and Chicago. Even with substantial influxes from abroad, particularly in New York, it’s difficult for these areas to sustain population increases when the number of children keeps dropping.
The problem may be even more intense in Los Angeles and Chicago, whose economies continue to lag further behind...
Without question, America faces a serious population problem—though it is precisely opposite to what most pundits would have you believe. It has nothing to do with unsustainable population growth and everything to do with unsustainable population decline. As noted in the World Population Data Sheet for 2012, the U.S birth rate is now "well below the replacement level" and is "edging closer to [fertility rates] in Europe," where "low birth rates" and "labor shortages" pose huge challenges. Demographers have been raising red flags for a while now, but no one seems to be listening—perhaps because overpopulation has so long been a Trojan Horse of big abortion.
For anyone who supports the legal availability of abortion-on-demand, these recent numbers should give you pause to think. Ask yourself: Do high abortion rates indicate a healthy or unhealthy society? Does a shrinking population bode well or ill for the future? Is population growth, stagnation, or decline the most to be desired? Finally, how did you react to the news that total abortions have fallen by almost 13% in a four-year span? Did that strike you as good news or bad news? If it struck you as good news, which I assume it did, the question then becomes, "Why?!" If there is nothing wrong with abortion… if it is a perfectly normal and natural "choice" for a woman to make, why would you react positively to the news that its frequency is declining. Why would you care if the overall abortion rate went up or down? If you do care, it may be indication that you're not as comfortable with abortion as you'd like to believe. And it may be indication that you need to rethink your entire position.
Michael Spielman is the founder and director of Abort73.com. His book, Love the Least (A Lot), is available as a free download. You can also find him on Facebook and Google+. Abort73 is part of Loxafamosity Ministries, a 501c3, Christian education corporation. If you have been helped by the information available at Abort73.com, please consider making a donation.